Archaeology and history are completely interlinked. Especially when studying ancient cultures and civilizations, most of what is learned comes from archaeological expeditions that succeed in uncovering artifacts and human remains from those earlier periods. By finding and studying -- including the use of carbon dating and other methods to determine the precise age of the items discovered during archaeological digs -- buildings, cisterns, roads, tools, weapons, and other items buried or lost for hundreds or thousands of years, a more complete and accurate picture of the people who lived in a given location can be drawn.
Archaeology is not only vitally important to the study of ancient history. It is used today to gather information and evidence for use in criminal trials of people suspected of carrying out heinous acts, especially former dictators whose efforts at hiding evidence of their crimes -- particularly, the mass murder of political opponents -- are increasingly defeated through modern imaging technologies used by archaeologists and others to locate such hidden sites. Following the end of the long civil wars in countries like El Salvador and Guatemala, human rights organizations used archaeologists to dig up mass graves for the purpose of gathering evidence against the former dictators responsible for the deaths. Skulls of adults and children with bullet holes and evidence of bound wrists provide conclusive proof that atrocities occurred, which are important not just for future trials, but for the accurate recording of history.
a. holistic knowledge of science and arts
itinatag ito ng mga amerikano noong 1901
The fertile crescent is important because it prompted the development of the first civilization due to agricultural capabilities