Osteotomy literally means "cutting of the bone." In a knee osteotomy, either the tibia (shinbone) or femur (thighbone) is cut and then reshaped to relieve pressure on one compartment of the knee joint.
Scope refers to how far the research area has explored and parameters in with the study will be operating in. The type of information to be included in the scope of a research project would include facts and theories about the subject of the project. The coverage of the study is in terms of:
1. General purpose
2. Population or sample
3. Time or duration
4. Subject matters and topics discussed
5. Area or locality